Autism Spectrum Disorder describes a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.
Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to other people and the world around them. It is a spectrum condition, which means that while all people with autism share certain areas of difficulty, their condition will affect them in different ways.
Autism is generally characterised by:
• Delays in social interaction
• Delays in language as used in social communication
• Delayed development of symbolic or imaginative play
Autism usually occurs within the first three years. Most autistic children do not show special interest in faces and seem to have tremendous difficulty learning to engage in everyday human interaction. A person’s outward appearance may not indicate a disorder, and diagnosis typically comes from a complete physical and neurological evaluation.
Asperger syndrome is a form of autism, and is also a lifelong disability that affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people.
People with Asperger syndrome can find it harder to read the signals that most of us take for granted. This means they find it more difficult to communicate and interact with others which can lead to high levels of anxiety and confusion.
Asperger syndrome is often not identified in early childhood, and many individuals do not receive diagnosis until after puberty or when they are adults. In most cases, they are aware of their differences and recognise when they need support to maintain an independent life.
Autism and Asperger Syndrome are often described as ‘spectrum disorders’ because the condition affects people in many different ways and to varying degrees.
The team at Aspire Health & Psychology in Newport can help both children and adults who sit on the Autism and Asperger Syndrome spectrum, as well as their families and partners.
To make an appointment with one of the psychologists at Aspire, call us on (03) 9391 9866.